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Criminal Justice  

Last Updated: Nov 10, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Topics in Criminal Justice Print Page

Crimes (A - L)

  • Censorship: Topic Page
    Official prohibition or restriction of any type of expression believed to threaten the political, social, or moral order. It may be imposed by governmental authority, local or national, by a religious body, or occasionally by a powerful private group. MORE
  • Child abuse: Topic Page
    The deliberate injury of a child. Child abuse can take several forms: neglect (including failure to provide adequate shelter, food, or medical treatment), physical abuse (including beating and poisoning), emotional abuse (including verbal abuse), and sexual abuse. MORE
  • Conspiracy: Topic Page
    In law, agreement of two or more persons to commit a criminal or otherwise unlawful act. MORE
  • Counterfeiting: Topic Page
    Manufacturing spurious coins, paper money, or evidences of governmental obligation (e.g., bonds) in the semblance of the true. MORE
  • Crime: Topic Page
    Behaviour or action that is punishable by criminal law. A crime is a public, as opposed to a moral, wrong; it is an offence committed against (and hence punishable by) the state or the community at large. MORE
  • Espionage: Topic Page
    The act of obtaining information clandestinely. The term applies particularly to the act of collecting military, industrial, and political data about one nation for the benefit of another. Industrial espionage—the theft of patents and processes from business firms—is not properly espionage at all. MORE
  • Felony: Topic Page
    Any grave crime, in contrast to a misdemeanor, that is so declared in statute or was so considered in common law. MORE
  • Fraud: Topic Page
    In law, willful misrepresentation intended to deprive another of some right. The offense, generally only a tort, may also constitute the crime of false pretenses. MORE
  • Genocide: Topic Page
    Deliberate and systematic destruction of a national, racial, religious, or ethnic group defined by the exterminators as undesirable. MORE
  • Human trafficking: Topic Page
    Human trafficking refers to the trading and systematic movement of people by various means, potentially involving a variety of agents, institutions and intermediaries. It typically involves coercion, deception and the exploitation of those who are moved within or across borders. MORE
  • Infanticide: Topic Page
    In law, the killing of a child under 12 months old, and more generally, any killing of a newborn child. It is often seen as a method of population control. MORE
  • Lynching: Topic Page
    Unlawfully hanging or otherwise killing a person by mob action. The term is derived from the older term lynch law, which is most likely named after either Capt. William Lynch (1742–1820), of Pittsylvania co., Va., or Col. Charles Lynch (1736–96), of neighboring Bedford (later Campbell) co. MORE

Crimes (M - Z)

  • Murder: Topic Page
    Criminal homicide, usually distinguished from manslaughter by the element of malice aforethought. MORE
  • Negligence: Topic Page
    In law, especially tort law, the breach of an obligation (duty) to act with care, or the failure to act as a reasonable and prudent person. MORE
  • Piracy: Topic Page
    Robbery committed or attempted on the high seas. It is distinguished from privateering in that the pirate holds no commission from and receives the protection of no nation but usually attacks vessels of all nations. MORE
  • Prostitution: Topic Page
    Act of granting sexual access for payment. MORE
  • Sexual discrimination: Topic Page
    Sexual discrimination involves treating someone differently, usually less favourably, because of his or her gender. MORE
  • Sexual harassment: Topic Page
    In law, verbal or physical behavior of a sexual nature, aimed at a particular person or group of people, especially in the workplace. MORE
  • Smuggling: Topic Page
    Illegal transport across state or national boundaries of goods or persons liable to customs or to prohibition. MORE
  • Terrorism: Topic Page
    Systematic violence in the furtherance of political aims, often by small guerrilla groups. MORE
  • Torture: Topic Page
    The intentional infliction of severe physical or mental pain or suffering in order to intimidate, coerce, obtain information or a confession, or punish. In international law, the term is usually further restricted to actions committed by persons acting in an official capacity. MORE
  • Treason: Topic Page
    Legal term for various acts of disloyalty. The English law, first clearly stated in the Statute of Treasons (1350), originally distinguished high treason from petit (or petty) treason. MORE
  • Vagrancy: Topic Page
    In law, term applied to the offense of persons who are without visible means of support or domicile while able to work. MORE
  • War crime: Topic Page
    A crime committed during, and in connection with, a war, especially ill-treatment of prisoners or massacre of civilians, etc. MORE

Notable Criminals (A - D)

  • Clyde Barrow (1909 - 1934)
    From Chamber's Biographical Dictionary
    Born in Texas, he was the partner of Bonnie Parker. Despite their popular romantic image, they and their gang were responsible for a number of murders. MORE
  • David Berkowitz (1953 - )
    From World of Criminal Justice
    American murderer David Berkowitz, known as Son of Sam and the.44 Caliber Killer, was born Richard David Falco on June 1, 1953. MORE
  • Joe Bonanno (1905 - 2002)
    From The Columbia Encyclopedia
    American crime boss nicknamed "Joe Bananas," b. Castellammare del Golfo, Sicily. He came to the United States illegally in 1924, settled in Brooklyn, and soon became a bootlegger and mob enforcer. MORE
  • John Wilkes Booth (1838 - 1865): Topic Page
    American actor, the assassin of Abraham Lincoln , b. near Bel Air, Md.; son of Junius Brutus Booth and brother of Edwin Booth. MORE
  • Ted Bundy (1946 - 1989)
    From Chamber's Biographical Dictionary
    He was born in Vermont. An articulate and handsome man, he studied psychology and law. In 1974 he began a series of up to 40 murders in which he habitually raped and beat his victims. MORE
  • Al Capone (1899 - 1947)
    From The Columbia Encyclopedia
    American gangster, b. Naples, Italy. Brought up in New York City, he became connected with organized crime and was involved in murder investigations. MORE
  • Jeffrey Dahmer (1960 - 1994)
    From World of Criminal Justice
    American serial killer Jeffrey Lionel Dahmer was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, on May 21, 1960. His family moved to Iowa while his father, Lionel..., and his grades were inconsistent. MORE
  • Albert DeSalvo (1931 - 1973)
    From The Columbia Encyclopedia
    American serial killer who terrorized the Boston, Mass., area during a killing spree (Jun., 1962–Jan, 1964) that claimed the lives of at least 11 women. MORE
  • John Dillinger (1903 - 1934)
    From World of Criminal Justice
    American gangster John Herbert Dillinger became a national figure during the early 1930s in the Unites States. MORE

Notable Criminals (F - Z)

  • Albert Fish (1870 - 1936)
    From World of Criminal Justice
    Though Albert Fish was often referred to as the most “deranged” killer in American history, his story remained largely untold primarily because of its horrifying content and the fact that it took place in the 1920s. MORE
  • John Wayne Gacy, Jr. (1942 - 1994)
    From World of Criminal Justice
    American mass murderer John Wayne Gacy, Jr. was born in Chicago, Illinois in 1942. Raised in an Irish Catholic family in a working, middle-class neighborhood, Gacy reportedly had a relatively normal childhood. MORE
  • Ed Gein (1906 - 1986)
    From World of Criminal Justice
    Born on August 27, 1906, Edward Gein grew up to become a serial killer. Gein’s story of deviance and murder became the basis for Robert Bloch’s novel, Psycho, which was later adapted to film by Alfred Hitchcock. MORE
  • John Gotti (1940 - )
    From World of Criminal Justice
    American gangster and criminal Named after his father, John Joseph Gotti was born in the Bronx in New York on October 27, 1940. The son... of a construction worker, he had five brothers. MORE
  • Belle Gunness (1859 - ?)
    From World of Criminal Justice
    Belle Gunness was one of the most gruesome mass killers in American history. Her handiwork has been compared to that of the notorious French murderer, known as Bluebeard. She systematically murdered her husband and anywhere from 14 to 30 suitors. MORE
  • Charles Manson (1934 - ): Topic Page
    The leader of a bizarre, conspiracy-minded cult that committed several murders, Charles Manson became a notorious figure in the late 1960s, and the center of a great deal of conspiracy-minded speculation about his true motives. MORE
  • Lee Harvey Oswald (1939 - 1963)
    From The Columbia Encyclopedia
    Presumed assassin of John F. Kennedy, b. New Orleans. Oswald spent most of his boyhood in Fort Worth, Tex. Later, he attended a Dallas high school, and enlisted (1956) in the Marines and served until 1959. MORE
  • Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel (1876 - 1943)
    From World of Criminal Justice
    Benjamin “Bugsy” Siegel was born on February 28, 1906, in Brooklyn, New York. His poor Jewish parents lived in a crime-ridden slum known as Hell’s Kitchen—the breeding ground for many criminals of that era. MORE

Officers and Bodies of the Law

  • Attorney: Topic Page
    Agent put in place of another to manage particular affairs of the principal. An attorney in fact is an agent who conducts business under authority that is controlled and limited by a written document called a letter, or power, of attorney granted by the principal. MORE
  • Court: Topic Page
    In law, official body charged with administering justice. The term is also applied to the judge or judges who fill the office. MORE
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI): Topic Page
    Agency of the US Department of Justice that investigates violations of federal law not specifically assigned to other agencies, and is particularly concerned with internal security. MORE
  • Federal government: Topic Page
    Or federation, government of a union of states in which sovereignty is divided between a central authority and component state authorities. A federation differs from a confederation in that the central power acts directly upon individuals as well as upon states, thus creating the problem of dual allegiance. MORE
  • Grand jury: Topic Page
    In law, body of persons selected to inquire into crimes committed within a certain jurisdiction. MORE
  • Jury: Topic Page

    A body of people sworn to give an honest verdict on the evidence presented to a court of law on a particular case.
  • Justice of the Peace: Topic Page
    A lay magistrate, appointed by the crown or acting ex officio, whose function is to preserve the peace in his area, try summarily such cases as are within his jurisdiction, and perform miscellaneous administrative duties. MORE
  • Law courts: Topic Page
    Bodies that adjudicate (make judgement) in legal disputes. Civil cases (generally non-criminal disputes that affect the interests of an individual) and criminal cases are usually dealt with by separate courts. MORE
  • Local government: Topic Page
    Government of town or county affairs by a locally elected authority, as distinct from national or central government. MORE
  • Military government: Topic Page
    Rule of enemy territory under military occupation. It is distinguished from martial law, which is the temporary rule by domestic armed forces over disturbed areas. MORE
  • Police: Topic Page
    The body of men and women employed by the government of a country to keep order, enforce the law, prevent crime, etc. MORE
  • U.S. Supreme Court: Topic Page
    Highest US judicial tribunal, composed since 1869 of a chief justice and eight associate justices. MORE

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