Last Updated: Jul 28, 2017
- Peter Abelard (1079 - 1142): Topic Page
Theologian. As lecturer in the cathedral school of Notre Dame in Paris, he became tutor to Héloïse, the 17-year-old niece of the canon Fulbert. They fell passionately in love.
- Chrétien de Troyes (c 1100s): Topic Page
French romance writer Chrétien de Troyes elaborated upon earlier Arthurian legends in such an intriguing way as to create, change, and record the highly stylized customs of courtly love just beginning to flower in France at the time.
- François Villon (1431 - 1463): Topic Page
French poet, b. Paris, whose original name was François de Montcorbier or François Des Loges. One of the earliest great poets of France, Villon was largely rediscovered in the 19th cent.
- Guillaume Bude (1467 - 1540): Topic Page
French scholar and humanist. He played a major role in developing classical scholarship in France.
- François Rabelais (1494 - 1553): Topic Page
French monk, physician and satirist
- Michel Montaigne (1533 - 1592): Topic Page
French writer. He is regarded as the creator of the essay form.
- Giordano Bruno (1548 - 1600): Topic Page
The son of a professional soldier, he entered the Dominican order early in his youth and was ordained a priest in 1572, but he was accused of heresy and fled (c.1576) to take up a career of study and travel.
- Pastoral: Topic Page
In France the pastourelle—a short poem in dialogue in which a minstrel courts a shepherdess—appeared as early as the 14th cent. and is exemplified in Le Jeu de Robin et de Marion, a play by Adam de La Halle.
- Romance: Topic Page
In literature, tales of love and chivalric adventure, in verse or prose, that became popular in France about 1200 and spread throughout Europe.
- Satire: Topic Page
Satire is both a mode and a genre of verse and prose lit. that adopts a critical attitude toward its target with the goal of censuring human folly.
- Chansons de Geste
From The Columbia Encyclopedia
A group of epic poems of medieval France written from the 11th through the 13th cent.
- Chivalry: Topic Page
System of ethical ideals that arose from feudalism and had its highest development in the 12th and 13th cent.
- Crusades: Topic Page
Series of wars undertaken by European Christians between the 11th and 14th cent. to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims.
- Reformation: Topic Page
Religious and political movement in 16th-century Europe to reform the Roman Catholic Church, which led to the establishment of the Protestant churches.
- Renaissance: Topic Page
Period in European cultural history that began in Italy around 1400 and lasted there until the end of the 1500s.
- Scholasticism: Topic Page
Philosophy and theology of Western Christendom in the Middle Ages.