Last Updated: Nov 8, 2017
- Cryptography: Topic Page
The science of secret writing. There are many devices by which a message can be concealed from the casual reader, e.g., invisible writing, but the term cryptography strictly applies to translating messages into cipher or code. MORE
- Linguistics: Topic Page
Scientific study of language, covering the structure (morphology and syntax; see grammar), sounds (phonology), and meaning (semantics).
- Phonetics: Topic Page
The identification, description, and classification of sounds used in articulate speech. MORE
- Phonology: Topic Page
In linguistics, the study of the sound systems of languages. Its main activity is the discovery of the distinctive sounds of language. MORE
- Semantics: Topic Page
[Gr.,=significant] in general, the study of the relationship between words and meanings. The empirical study of word meanings and sentence structure. MORE
From The Columbia Encyclopedia
Or semiology, discipline deriving from the American logician C. S. Peirce and the French linguist Ferdinand de Saussure. It has come to mean generally the study of any cultural product (e.g., a text) as a formal system of signs. Saussure's key notion of the arbitrary nature of the sign means that the relation of words to things is not natural but conventional.
- Sociolinguistics: Topic Page
The study of language as it affects and is affected by social relations. Sociolinguistics encompasses a broad range of concerns. MORE