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Anatomy, Diseases & Disorders Print Page
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Human Anatomy

  • Skeleton
    From The Human Body Book

    The skeleton makes up almost one-fifth of a healthy body’s weight. This flexible inner framework supports all other parts and tissues, which would collapse without skeletal reinforcement. The skeleton also protects certain organs, such as the delicate brain inside the skull....
  • Muscles of the Body
    From The Human Body Book

    Muscles are the body’s “flesh”. They bulge and ripple just under the skin, and are arranged in criss-crossing layers down to the bones. Their job is to contract and pull the bones to which they are anchored. Rarely working alone, they usually contract in groups, moving bones at accurate angles and by precise
  • Heart Structure
    From The Human Body Book

    The heart is a powerful organ about the size of a clenched fist. Located just to the left of centre in between the lungs, it operates as two coordinated pumps that send blood around the body...
  • Brain
    From The Human Body Book

    he brain, in conjunction with the spinal cord, regulates both non-conscious processes and coordinates most voluntary movement. Furthermore, the brain is the site of consciousness, allowing humans to think and learn...
  • Respiratory Anatomy
    From The Human Body Book

    The respiratory system, in close conjunction with the circulatory system, is responsible for supplying all body cells with essential oxygen and removing potentially harmful carbon dioxide from the body...
  • Digestive Anatomy
    From The Human Body Book

    The digestive system consists of a long passageway, known as the alimentary canal or digestive tract, and associated organs, including the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. The digestive tract starts at the mouth and continues through the oesophagus...

Systems

  • Circulatory System: Topic Page
    System of vessels in an animal's body that transports essential substances (blood or other circulatory fluid) to and from the different parts of the body. MORE
  • Digestive System: Topic Page
    In the body, all the organs and tissues involved in the digestion of food. MORE
  • Endocrine System: Topic Page
    Body control system composed of a group of glands that maintain a stable internal environment by producing chemical regulatory substances called hormones. MORE
  • Immune System: Topic Page
    The adaptable system of body defenses centers on specialized white blood cells called lymphocytes. These respond to invasion by varied microorganisms.
  • Lymphatic System: Topic Page
    Network of vessels carrying lymph, or tissue-cleansing fluid, from the tissues into the veins of the circulatory system. The lymphatic system functions along with the circulatory system in absorbing nutrients from the small intestines.
  • Muscular System
    From The McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Science and Technology

    The muscular system consists of muscular cells, the contractile elements with the specialized property of exerting tension during contraction, and associated connective tissues. The three morphologic types of muscles are voluntary muscle, involuntary muscle, and cardiac muscle.
  • Nervous System: Topic Page
    Network of specialized tissue that controls actions and reactions of the body and its adjustment to the environment. MORE
  • Reproductive System: Topic Page
    In animals, the anatomical organs concerned with production of offspring. MORE


  • Respiratory System
    From the Britannica Concise Encyclopedia

    Organ system involved in respiration. In humans, the diaphragm and, to a lesser extent, the muscles between the ribs generate a pumping action, moving air in and out of the lungs through a system of pipes (conducting airways), divided into upper and lower airway systems
  • Urinary System: Topic Page
    Group of organs of the body concerned with excretion of urine, that is, water and the waste products of metabolism. MORE

Diseases and Disorders

  • AIDS: Topic Page
    AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a chronic, life-threatening disease that is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • Alzheimer's Disease: Topic Page
    Common manifestation of dementia , thought to afflict 1 in 20 people over 65.
  • Anemia: Topic Page
    Condition in which the concentration of hemoglobin in the circulating blood is below normal. MORE
  • Arteriosclerosis: Topic Page
    General term for a condition characterized by thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the walls of the blood vessels. MORE
  • Asthma: Topic Page
    Chronic condition characterized by difficulty in breathing due to spasm of the bronchi (air passages) in the lungs. MORE
  • Autism: Topic Page
    Autism, a condition of neurodevelopment, is more common in males, with onset typically in infancy. It is diagnosed when a child...
  • Cancer: Topic Page
    Group of diseases characterized by abnormal proliferation of cells. MORE
  • Cirrhosis: Topic Page
    Degeneration of tissue in an organ resulting in fibrosis, with nodule and scar formation. MORE
  • Diabetes: Topic Page
    Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an endocrine disorder characterized by the lack or insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas.
  • Heart Disease: Topic Page
    Any of several abnormalities of the heart and its function in maintaining blood circulation. MORE
  • Multiple Sclerosis: Topic Page
    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the central nervous system characterized by recurring episodes of neurological disturbance. MORE

  • Obesity: Topic Page
    Condition resulting from excessive storage of fat in the body. MORE

  • Osteoporosis: Topic Page
    A disease, most commonly of post-menopausal women, in which the bones become porous, brittle and liable to fracture, owing to the loss of calcium from the bone substance. MORE
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: Topic Page
    A form of arthritis, particularly common in women, that causes pain, swelling, stiffness and deformity of the joints, especially of the fingers, wrists, ankles, feet or hips. MORE
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